Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
The principles of Applied Behavior Analysis are used as a teaching tool, a preventive tool and to maintain and generalize skills already learned.
Some of the strategies include delivering reinforcement/consequences (e.g. removal of teacher attention is strong enough consequence to diminish a behaviour) and incorporating visual supports.
Multi-sensory teaching uses all of a child's senses (taste, smell, touch, sight, hearing and movement). Incorporating visual, auditory, tactile, kinesthetic, taste and smell in the instructional setting allows students to engage with the material in more than one way and helps students tap into their learning strengths to make connections and form memories.
It takes into account that different kids learn in different ways and helps meet the varying needs of all kids.
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
PECS is a learning system that allows children with little or no verbal ability to communicate using pictures. Teachers helps the child build a vocabulary and articulate desires, observations or feelings by using pictures consistently, and starts by teaching the child how to exchange a picture for an object. Although PECS is based on visual tools, verbal reinforcement is a major component and verbal communication is encouraged.
TEACCH is a special education program using Structured Teaching, a process designed to capitalize on the relative strength and preference for processing information visually in individuals with autism, while taking into account the recognized difficulties. Individualized assessment and planning is used to create a highly-structured environment (organized with visual supports) to help the individual map out activities and work independently.